A steroid join injection is a non-surgical treatment that contemporarily (or permanently) relieve pain in a swollen joint. This procedure has two uses:
Steroid joint injections help treat:
A steroid joint injection usually includes a steroid (such as methylprednisolone) and a local anesthetic (such as lidocaine). The two medications are mixed and are injected together into the painful joint.
The steroid is the primary medication. It works by reducing joint inflammation. However, it starts to work slowly, taking several days to reach full effect. To offer instant pain relief, the local anesthetic is used to numb the joint pain rapidly. It starts to work within 15-30 minutes.
Steroid injections are made in the following areas:
Steroid joint injections, also referred to as "cortisone shots" or “intra-articular steroid injections", are a standard treatment for joint pain. Steroid joint injections can speed up the recovery from sport injuries, ligament strains/tears, cartilage damage, inflammatory disorders, and arthritis flare-ups. The treatment can reduce joint stiffness and help people return to the activities they love, before needing more invasive options such as surgery.
A steroid joint injection is performed on an outpatient basis. The skin over the painful joint is thoroughly cleaned and a local anesthetic is used to numb the area. Fluoroscopy (X-ray) or ultrasound (US) guides your pain specialist in finding the joint and ensures that the needle goes to the desired location. A joint injection usually takes around 5 minutes. After being monitored for a short time, you can leave the office. Soreness around the injection site may be relieved by using ice and taking mild analgesics like Tylenol.
While some people enjoy weeks to months of pain relief after a steroid injection, others may be pain-free for shorter periods. Some people remain pain-free after only one injection. The response varies from person to person and depends on the underlying problem (injury, arthritis, etc.).
Steroid injections may be repeated 3 to 4 times over one year, with approximately 6 weeks between injections.
Nerve Blocks, followed by Radiofreqency Neurolysis (RFN) are longer-lasting treatments for people who find joint injections helpful. RFN provides an average of 6 to 12 months of pain relief.Viscosupplement injections and Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections offer long term relief that may last for up to six months. They may take 4 to 6 weeks to reach full effect.
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